The <body> tag has two attributes where you can specify backgrounds. The background can be a color
or an image.
The bgcolor attribute specifies a background-color for an HTML page. The value of this attribute can be
a hexadecimal number, an RGB value, or a color name:
The lines above all set the background-color to black.
The background attribute can also specify a background-image for an HTML page. The value of this
attribute is the URL of the image you want to use. If the image is smaller than the browser window,
the image will repeat itself until it fills the entire browser window.
The URL can be relative (as in the first line above) or absolute (as in the second line above).
If you want to use a background image, you should keep in mind:
Will the background image increase the loading time too much?
Will the background image look good with other images on the page?
Will the background image look good with the text colors on the page?
Will the background image look good when it is repeated on the page?
Will the background image take away the focus from the text?
Note: The bgcolor, background, and the text attributes in the <body> tag are deprecated in
the latest versions of HTML (HTML 4 and XHTML). The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has
removed these attributes from its recommendations. Style sheets (CSS) should be used instead
(to define the layout and display properties of HTML elements).
Try It Out!
Open your text editor and type the following text:
<title>My First Webpage</title>
<h1 align="center">My First Webpage</h1>
<p>Welcome to my <strong>first</strong> webpage. I am writing this page using a text
editor and plain old html.</p>
<p>By learning html, I'll be able to create webpages like a <del>beginner</del>
which I am of course.</p>
Save your page as mypage3.html and view it in your browser.